Presentation of “IN DEFENSE OF REAL SOCIALISM AND MARXISM­-LENINISM”

Nov 1, 2018 | in difesa del socialismo

[This presentation can be also downloaded in pdf format here]

 

The moment when communists stand up and remind their history to themselves has come. This book is addressed to any individual that is able to think critically and without bias, but in particular, to communists, hit by decades of media and political campaigns. A smear campaign, able to convince communists to blame themselves, erasing in some case their own identity, abandoned, rejected, hidden or transformed in a more “conformed” and acceptable ideology for the bourgeoisie, regressing to a level that Marx and Engels would have described as “utopian socialism”.

This is unacceptable, but it did not happen either without reasonable explanations, or by fate. A scientific and systemic project aimed at the dismantlement of communists’ cultural and political action, the only able to really scare capitalism and the power of the ruling class in the last two centuries. The fall of the Berlin wall and the dissolution of the Soviet Union were the events that regressed sensibly the awareness in the public that another world is not only possible, but it has already existed. This world could have operated better than the world we live in, and it could represent the only effective way to develop the humanity as a whole. Someone will claim that this is false, that history has already denied the option to build an alternative system to capitalism. The first volume (the first 12 chapters) is meant to demonstrate that an alternative system is possible, focusing on the events that lead from the Russian revolution to the dissolution of the Soviet Union, with some detailed study on the women’s rights, on the role of the Church and religions and on the principal characters of the revolution: Lenin, Trockij and Stalin.

Who expects a hagiographic history will be deluded, because mistakes and violence have been committed without any doubt, but not in the way described by the media for decades. This book is not only a detailed description of the internal affairs of the USSR. We did accomplish a “Political History of the Real Socialism”, of which the USSR is just one of the elements, but still the most relevant. This work is not aimed at a detailed description of every single detail, as it has already been done, sometimes with imprecision and bias. It is meant to provide a correct interpretation of the events, explaining the “why”, helping the readers to understand some of the events that have been forgotten, or presenting correctly some events that have been distorted and re-elaborated because of the political deformation carried out by colluded historians.

Why is the history of the USSR just an element? Because, this book aims at an assessment, not only of the USSR, but of all the socialist regimes (we use the term “regime” in the Marxist definition, defining as a regime all sorts of “State”, the necessary superstructure for the domination of a class over another), or democratic ones guided by communist parties, that are the consequence of the effects and the consolidation of the Russian revolution. In order to achieve this objective, the narration has been widened on a global scale, because the October revolution has spread its effects all over the globe. The average reader has already acquired a satisfactorily knowledge of the European history, especially the part following the second world war. The book has overlooked the “official” history of the Western Europe, except for the Italian scenario, to which wide consideration has been dedicated for obvious reasons, including a chapter describing its Republican history. The point of view of this work is completely anti-Eurocentric: for too long the so-called “Third world” has been ignored, as well as the imperialist crimes committed in that countries not only during the colonialist era but lasting over the decolonisation till nowadays. The need to rediscover our past has led to the elaboration of the history of imperialism and destabilisation in the 20th century. This is the essence of the chapters dedicated to Asia, Africa and Latin America, not stories regarding single states, but events that demonstrated the continuity of the imperialist agenda all over the globe. This is introduced by two chapters dedicated to the US internal and foreign policies, as it is necessary to show what was and is the principal adversary of the working class across the world. Finally, a wide analysis of the main historic examples of socialist and progressive countries is presented, with chapters dedicated to Cuba, to China and to the Popular and Democratic Republics of Eastern Europe. Chapter 22 focuses on the theme of cultural hegemony, which is a tribute to the intellectuals and artists who dedicated their lives to social progress. Chapter 23 is probably the most ambitious part of this book: It is an attempt to adapt the Gramscian research to the modern days, in order to understand how several Imperialistic techniques were and are used in order to retain cultural hegemony, i.e. how the ruling class was able to erase and rewrite contemporary history with the intention to discredit socialist regimes in a semi-totalitarian fashion. Chapter 24, which is the final chapter, attempts to judge all these different socialist experiences, using what was presented and demonstrates in the previous chapters, and to underline the problems left unresolved in the Marxist-Leninist movement.

This work is a collection of sources: direct sources, indirect sources, historical analysis and political comments. Although, the parts written in first person by the main author are not many, this book integrates together with the views of external contributors who are acknowledged in the book. What is then the meaning behind this work? The meaning is the observation that historical research has been developed throughout the years, without being followed by the public debate. There are several explanations, which are all analysed in this book. Yet, it is evident that in the modern days, which are characterised by a continuous exposition of informations and data, certain authors, topics and books are not debated enough in the media and during the education years. The widespread crisis of Communist organizations in the western countries further jeopardises the transmissions of certain notions and ideas. Paradoxically, we live in an era dominated by mass media and social networks, which lacks a strong political centre able to collect the critiques towards the capitalistic system. We are risking losing this historical memory together with its important documents. There are countless examples of social media pages and blogs which hosted articles and essays, which were closed due to lack of funds. As a matter of fact, many of the web pages used to write this book are not active today1.

The risk of falling into a new Medieval age is an historic problem which lies in the dispersion and volatility of the communist organizations: the works produced and printed by the workers’ movement during the 20th Century risk to be systematically erased by the ruling class e.g. the books against capitalism published in Italy between the 1960 and the 1970. Today the only documents left are rare prints done by some small publishers. Indeed, there are many works which are now out of business, which are only available on online platforms, sold as second-hand books, or in local public libraries. When a book stops to be published, it disappears from the public debate and its own existence is erased from people’s minds. “If it is not printed, then it has no value”. This is a common reasoning in the western world today: if you are not in the market, then you do not exist. Yet, this is not the case, and many times the reason why a book is not printed has some political connotation, as explained in this work.

In this book some of the most recent discoveries in the historic literature are presented, even if they were often unknown and opposed for political reasons. Some “disappeared” texts, authors and news were rediscovered, in some cases parts of the texts were filled thanks to the effort of many collaborators.

We felt like the amanuensis scribes that during the High Middle Age were safeguarding the Western culture transcribing texts from papyruses to manuscripts. With the substantial difference that in that specific case it was done removing systematically from preservation all those authors uncomfortable for the Church (such as materialists, agnostics, atheists, heretics, hedonistics, etc.), while in our case it is not only a matter of safeguarding the historical memory, but also to work for the public diffusion of such materials, which has been stopped by the left-wing organizations over the last decades. That is the reason why this work has been uploaded for free on the internet to guarantee the maximum diffusion possible. Nowadays the internet, with its own characteristics of gratuitousness and extensiveness, remains in fact a fundamental shelter to the totalitarian derivations that hit constantly the western society in the triumph of the “liberal” regimes. It is not a case that many countries are trying to limit the internet access to the people, or at least trying to control the contents that are circulating. Precisely during the days in which I am concluding this work, some political areas, known for their servility towards the US, have launched the “fake news” alarm, preparing the public opinion to an eventual necessity of a government intervention in the web regulation. The fact that fake news exists, it is without a doubt real, but a serious critical analysis of newspapers and newscasts would be sufficient to understand that the problem is not only on the internet, which is actually just a medium that gives quite often an answer to some doubts, retracting “official truths” through a platform that, if adequately used, can open everybody’s eyes.

To overcome the risk of lacking professionalism, in the present work a scientific method has been followed: each paragraph presents its sources in the footnotes. For the sources taken from the internet, the relevant links have been inserted in the footnotes, so that the reader can promptly check the sources and their reliability. An additional caution: it is possible that, especially for the more marginal issues, small mistakes can be found, such as unreliable sources for example. The first reason of this is the decision to publish the work in 2017, the centenary of the October Revolution. This project has been the product of the work of roughly twenty volunteers. Behind this project, there is not a publisher that would have already undertaken a review and a graphical arrangement of the work done. I hope therefore that the reader will be lenient and that he will appreciate the fact that a new generation made of twenty and thirty years old people raised completely in the post-modern world, in the triumph of the free market, has accomplished this work totally for free for the love of truth and for political militancy. The small inaccuracies that can be found are less important than the urgency of the necessity to bring these contents over the most extended public possible, trying to build a sentimental connection that makes a wide use of images and photos.

The work is compounded of two volumes, 24 chapters, for a total of 2500 pages. 20 pages of index. 80 pages of only bibliography. It is possible to download this work in Italian for free on the website http://intelletualecollettivo.it/, which as a matter of fact is an encyclopaedic volume on the modern history and on the fundamental matters of real socialism. Below is the structure of the macro-chapters, that will be published shortly, extensively re-elaborated, with the publishing company “La Città del Sole” in ten volumes used to make the series “History of Socialism and of the Class Struggle”2. Given the international significance of the treated subject, it is assumed that this work can be useful if it is available to the working class of other countries. This English abstract, realized through the effort of volunteers3 directly supervised by the main author, is an invitation to all the communist and progressive organizations in the world to contact me (info@intellettualecollettivo.it) to organize, with the cooperation of local publishers, translations of the book, or of some parts of it considering its significance for each different background. The objective is a progressive diffusion of this work, that accounts for the most serious, documented and detailed answer to the notorious “The black book of Communism”, within the most used and important transmissive languages: English, French, Spanish, Chinese, Arabic, Russian, etc. We either save of all of us together, or nobody does.

Alessandro Pascale

30/10/2018

TABLE OF CONTENTS

Here follow the pages of chapters and macro-paragraphs.

TABLE OF CONTENTS p. 4
INTRODUCTION p. 23
ACKNOLEDGMENTS p. 26
THEORETICAL-POLITICAL INTRODUCTION: THE FOUNDATIONS OF MARXISM-LENINISM p. 28
A. THE IMPORTANCE OF POLITICAL EDUCATION p. 29
A.1. THE LACK OF MARXISM WITHIN THE ‘LEFT’
A.2. THERE IS NO REVOLUTION WITHOUT MARXISM
B. THE ORIGINS AND THE ESSENCE OF SOCIALISM p. 34
B.1. MARX AND ENGEL’S SCIENTIFIC SOCIALISM
B.2. WHAT ARE THE BOURGEOISIE AND THE PROLETARIAT
B.3. WHAT IS COMMUNISM?
B.4. THE REAL EXTENT OF IMPERIALIST VIOLENCE
C. THE NEED FOR A REVOLUTION p. 42
C.1. FROM THE REVOLUTIONARY PROGRAM TO THE NEED OF AN ORGANISATION
C.2. NATIONALISM, PATRIOTISM, COSMOPOLITANISM AND INTERNATIONALISM
C.3. IMPERIALISM, THE SUPREME PHASE OF CAPITALISM NOWADAYS
C.4. THE IMPERIALIST CRIMES
C.5. THE CONDITIONS OF PRIVATE PROPERTY GENERATE CONFLICTS
C.6. HOW TO LEAD THE WAR AGAINST IMPERIALISM
C.7. THE PARLIAMENT AS A REVOLUTIONARY TOOL
C.8 THE ORIGIN OF CORRUPTION AND MORAL DECAY
C.9 THE STRUCTURAL BOND BETWEEN FASCISM AND IMPERIALISM
D. THE ORGANIZATION OF THE COMMUNIST PARTY p. 61
D.1. THE OPEN INTERPRETATION LEFT BY MARX AND ENGELS
D.2. FROM FALSE IDEOLOGY TO CLASS CONSCIOUSNESS
D.3. LENIN AND THE VANGUARD PARTY
D.4. ANTONIO GRAMSCI AND THE ‘WAR OF POSITION’ IN THE WEST
E. CLASS STRUGGLE: NOT ONLY A CAPITAL-LABOUR CONFLICT p. 69
E.1. DIALECTICAL MATERIALSIM AS A GUIDE FOR ACTION
E.2. THE ‘GENDER ISSUE’ AND THE WOMEN EXPLOITATION
E.3. THE REACTIONARY ROLE OF THE CHURCH AND THE CRITIQUE OF RELIGION
E.4. THE DEFENSE OF THE ENVIRONMENT
E.5. THE IMPORTANCE OF THE CAPITAL-LABOUR CONTRADICTION
F. SYNTHESIS OF CAPITAL BY MARX p. 83
F.1. MARXIST CRITIQUE OF BOURGEOIS POLITICAL ECONOMY
F.2. THE MARXIST CONCEPT OF COMMODITIES
F.3. THE LABOR-VALUE THEORY
F.4.: THE MOVEMENT OF COMMODITIES FROM CMC TO MCM’
F.5. THE WORKERS EXPLOITATION
F.6. THE CAPITAL AND COMMODITIES VALUE COMPOSITION
F.7. HOW CAPITALISM MAXIMIZE EXPLOITATION AND ITS PROFITS?
F.8. HOW CAPITALISM EMPLOYS MACHINERY?
F.9. THE UNEMPLOYMENT
F.10 THE DEVELOPMENT OF THE PRODUCTIVE FORCES
F.11. THE GENERAL LAW OF CAPITALIST ACCUMULATION
F.12. FROM FREE-TRADE COMPETITION TO THE FORMATION OF MONOPOLIES
F.13. THE IMPERIALIST GLOBALIZATION
F.14. THE FALLING RATE OF PROFIT
F.15. CONCLUSION
F.16. THE ORIGIN OF CAPITALISM
F.17. FINAL OBSERVATIONS

VOLUME 1. FROM THE RUSSIAN REVOLUTION TO THE FALL OF THE USSR

CAP. 1 – THE BOLSHEVIK REVOLUTION AND THE FIGHT AGAINST CAPITALISM p. 108
1. THE RUSSIAN EMPIRE IN THE LATE 19TH CENTURY p. 108
1.1. THE CRISIS OF CZARIST AUTOCRACY, THE 1905 REVOLUTION AND THE JAPANESE – RUSSIAN WAR
1.2. THE BETRAYAL OF THE SECOND INTERNATIONAL
1.3. THE FIRST WORLD WAR CARNAGE
1.4. LIEBKNECHT AGAINST THE SOCIALDEMOCRATIC BETRAYAL
1.5. JEAN JAURES’ PACIFIST SOCIALISM
1.6. THE FEBRUARY 1917 REVOLUTION
1.7. THE APRIL THESIS AND THEIR RELEVANCE NOWADAYS
2. RUSSIA AT THE EVE OF THE OCTOBER REVOLUTION p. 133
2.1. THE PRE-REVOLUTIONARY DEBATE WITHIN THE BOLSHEVIK PARTY
2.2. THE PETROGRAD INSURRECTION
2.3. FROM THE II PANRUSSIAN SOVIET TO THE SEIZURE OF POWER
2.4. THE FIRST WORLD WAR PEACE AND THE LAND REFORM. THE FORMATION OF THE SOVIET GOVERNMENT
2.5. THE FIRST DEFEATS OF THE COUNTER-REVOLUTION
2.6. THE INSTAURATION OF SOVIET POWER IN MOSCOW
2.7. THE LIQUIDATION OF THE COUNTER-REVOLUTIONARY HEAD-QUARTER
2.8. THE INSTAURATION OF SOVIET POWER THROUGHOUT THE COUNTRY
2.9. THE DRAMATIC TREATY OF BREST-LITOVSK AND ITS ENEMIES
2.10. THE WORLD ‘CONSPIRACY’ AGAINST BOLSHEVIKS
2.11. THE SCHEMING AT THE 1919 PARIS PEACE CONFERENCE
2.12. THE INVASION TO DEFEAT THE REVOLUTION
2.13. THE CAUSES OF THE IMPERIALIST INTERVENTION AND ITS FAILURE
3. THE BIRTH OF DZERZINSKIJ’S CHEKA AND THE ‘RED TERROR” p. 177
3.1. THE NEED TO FIGHT BOURGEOIS SABOTAGE
3.2. THE DIFFICULTIES OF THE RECRUITMENT PROCESS AND THE ROLE OF THE INTERNATIONAL POWERS
3.3. THE INTERNAL ENEMIES OF THE REVOLUTION
3.4. THE ATTEMPTED SOCIAL-REVOLUTIONARY COUP
3.5. TERRORIST ACTS AND THE ATTEMPT ON LENIN’S LIFE
3.6. DIALECTIC AMONG SEVERITY, JUSTICE AND VIRTUE
3.7. THE ACCUSATIONS OF ARBITRAGE AND THE DEFENSE OF LENIN
3.8. THE CONFIRMATIONS OF BOURGEOIS HISTORIOGRAPHY
4. THE BIRTH OF THE RED ARMY, THE WORKERS ARMY p. 192
4.1. THE READ ARMY ORGANIZATION FROM TROTSKY TO STALIN
5. THE HISTORICAL REVOLUTIONARY VICTORIES OF THE WORKERS IN POWER p. 198
5.1. THE BOLSHEVIK PROJECT OF THE REGULATION OF WORKERS CONTROL ON THE MEANS OF PRODUCTION
5.2. POWER TO THE WORKERS
5.3. THE CREATION OF A FREE UNIVERSAL SECULAR PUBLIC EDUCATION
5.4. MAKARENKO’S REVOLUTIONARY PEDAGOGY
5.5. THE INSTITUTION OF FREE UNIVERSAL HEALTH CARE
5.6. THE POSITIVE ROLE OF VACCINATIONS DEMONSTRATED BY REAL SOCIALISM
6. JOHN REED, THE REPORTER OF THE REVOLUTION p. 216
6.1. CHARACTERISTICS AND GOVERNANCE OF THE SOVIETS

2. THE LIBERATION OF WOMEN FROM A MILLENARY PATRIARCHY p. 223
1. THE HISTORY OF WOMEN AND FEMMINISM p. 223
1.1. THE MILLENARY REIGN OF THE PATRIARCHY
1.2. THE MISOGINY IN PAULINE CHRISTIANISM
1.3. THE FIRST MODERN HEROS OF PROTO-FEMMINISM
1.4. THE ‘STRUCTURAL TURNING POINT’ AND THE IMMOBILISM OF THE CHURCH
1.5. THE BOURGEOIS FEMINISM OF THE SUFFRAGETTES
2. MARXISM AND THE EMANCIPATION OF WOMEN p. 231
2.1. THE MANIFESTO OF THE COMMUNIST PARTY: A FIRST STEP
2.2. THE ELABORATION IN THE FIRST INTERNATIONAL 1864
2.3. THE DEVELOPMENTS IN THE SECOND INTERNATIONAL 1889
3. THE RUSSIAN WOMEN BEFORE THE REVOLUTION p. 237
4. THE WOMEN’S RIGHTS CONQUERED BY THE BOLSHEVIK REVOLUTION p. 243
4.1. CONTEXT
4.2. THE FIRST DECISIONS
4.3. FEMALE WORKERS
4.4. THE SUPPORT FOR MATERNITY AND FOR INFANCE
4.5. THE LEGALIZATION OF ABORTION
4.6. THE POLITICAL PARTICIPATION
4.7. ‘DOMESTIC MATTERS’
4.8. WOMEN AND WAR
4.9. THE WOMEN’S SOVIETS
4.10. LENIN AND THE FEMINIST MOVEMENT
4.11. THE RESOLUTIONS OF THE THIRD INTERNATIONAL
4.12. THE REVOLUTIONARY ORIGIN OF THE ‘WOMEN’S DAY’
4.13. THE BARBARISM OF BEAUTY PAGEANTS
5. ALEKSANDRA KOLLONTAJ’S ‘FEMINIST MARXISM’ p. 256
5.1. THE REVOLUTIONARY CHANGE OF DAILY LIFE
6. THE DETERMINANT INFLUENCE ON THE CAPITALIST WEST p. 269
6.1. THE HEGEMONY OF ‘SOCIAL’ FEMMINISM IN THE XX CENTURY
6.2. THE RETURN OF ‘LIBERAL’ FEMINISM
7. THE THEORETICAL AND PRACTICAL LIMITS OF SOVIET WOMEN EMANCIPATIONS p. 274
7.1. CONTEMPORARY FEMINISM AND THE WOMEN’S RIGHTS ISSUE AFTER THE USSR
7.2. THE UNRESOLVED CONTRADICTIONS OF THE SOVIET MODEL
7.3. THE NEED FOR A DIALECTICAL UPDATE BETWEEN MARXISM AND FEMMINISM

3. LENIN, THE GREATEST MAN OF THE XXTH CENTURY p. 282
1. LIFE AND BIBLIOGRAPHY p. 283
2. PHILOSOPHY AND REVOLUTION p. 286
3. LENIN’S ‘RED BOOKLET’ p. 289
4. THE CONFLICTUAL RELATIONSHIP BETWEEEN TROTSKY AND LENIN p. 311
5. LENIN’S WILL p. 313
5.1. THE MISSIVE TO THE CONGRESS
5.2. THE ADDITION TO THE MISSIVE
5.3. THE LENINIST PROJECT FOR THE REFORM OF THE CENTRAL COMMITTEE
5.4. STALIN’S RESPONSE
5.5. IS THERE A FORGERY RISK?

4. THE RED YEARS, COMINTERN, BOURGEOIS REACTION AND DEFEAT p. 321
1. THE EUROPEAN RED YEARS AND THE GREAT BOURGEOIS FEAR p. 321
2. 1918-19 IN GERMANY p. 322
2.1. THE PATH OF GERMAN SOCIALSIM
2.2. WAR, LIEBKNECHT AND THE CRISIS OF THE SPD
2.3. THE «SPARTAKUSBUND»
2.4. THE FOUNDATION OF THE COMMUNIST PARTY
2.5. DEMOCRATIC REVOLUTION OR SOCIALIST REVOLUTION?
2.6. ROSA LUXEMBURG’S MARXISM
2.7. SELECT WRITINGS FROM ROSA LUXEMBURG
3. THE FOUNDATION OF THE THIRD INTERNATIONAL (COMINTERN) p. 335
3.1. HOW TO CONQUER POLITICAL POWER
3.2. DEMOCRACY AND DICTATORSHIP
3.3. THE REVOLT AGAINST COLONIALISM
3.4. THE 21 CONDITIONS FOR THE ADHESION
3.5. THE THEORETICAL MISTAKES OF LUXEMBURG AND OTHERS
3.6. A CLEAR POLITICAL PROGRAM: EXPROPRIATE THE EXPROPRIATORS
3.7. THE FINAL GOAL: GLOBAL COMMUNISM
4. THE MISSED OPPORTUNITY FOR THE ITALIAN REVOLUTION p. 351
4.1. THE THIRD INTERNATIONAL AND THE PROFINTERN
4.2. THE “RED YEARS” AND FOUNDATION OF THE PCD’I: THE COMMUNIST PARTY OF ITALY
4.3. THE FOUNDING PRINCIPLES OF THE COMMUNIST PARTY OF ITALY
4.4. ITALIAN HISTORY INTERPRETED BY ANTONIO GRAMSCI
5. ANTONIO GRAMSCI, THE “LENIN” OF THE WEST p. 363
5.1. THE REVOLUTION AGAINST THE CAPITAL
5.2. THE SOUTHERN ITALIAN ISSUE
5.3. GRAMSCI’S ‘RED BOOKLET’
6. THE RISE OF FASCISM p. 405
6.1. THE ‘ARDITI DEL POPOLO’, THE ARMED DEFENSE OF THE PROLETARIAT
6.2. THE MARCH ON ROME, THE REPRESSION AND THE BOURGEOIS DICTATORSHIP
6.3. ADDITIONAL CHARACTERISTICS OF “IMPERFECT TOTALITARIANISM”
6.4. TOGLIATTI’S MARXIST ANALYSIS OF FASCISM
6.5. SOME MYTHS ABOUT MUSSOLINI AND THE “GOOD-WILL” OF THE FASCIST REGIME
6.6. “PEACHES AND CREAM” WOMEN WITHIN THE FASCIST PATRIARCHY
6.7. CAMILLA RAVERA, THE FIRST COMMUNIST FEMALE SECRETARY
6.8. THE COMMUNISTS AGAINST THE “CIVILIZING” WAR IN ETHIOPIA
6.9. “GO BACK TO YOUR COUNTRY!”: SOMALIAN SLAVES AND ITALIAN MASTERS
6.10. THE RACIAL LAWS AND THE CHURCH’S CONNIVENCE
6.11. 27TH APRIL 1937: THE MURDER OF ANTONIO GRAMSCI
7. HISTORY OF COMMUNIST SYMBOLOGY p. 435

5. THE USSR AND THE ‘SOCIALISM IN ONE COUNTRY’ p. 439
1. WHAT A SOCIALIST SOCIETY IS AND HOW TO BUILD IT p. 439
1.1. THE IRRATIONALITY OF CAPITALIST RELATIONS OF PRODUCTION
1.2. THE PHENOMENON OF ALIENATION
1.3. FROM THE DOUBLE MARXIST WAY TO THE LENINIST ORGANISATION
2. STALIN AND THE USSR (1922-1953) p. 443
2.1. POLITICAL-HISTORIOGRAFICAL ISSUES
2.2. THE IDEOLOGICAL PROBLEM IN THE FOUNDATION OF THE USSR
2.3. BUILDING SOCIALISM AMONGST RUINS AND FASCISM
2.4. THE COMMUNIST PARTY OF THE SOVIET UNION (CPSU) AND THE THREE PHASES OF THE STALIN’S ERA
2.5. THE DIFFICULT BALANCE BETWEEN POLITICAL REALISM AND THE UTOPIC PROJECT
2.6. THE KING-PHILOSOPHERS AND THE RATIONALE BETWEEN POWER AND TERROR
2.7. PLANNED INDUSTRIALIZATION AND COLLECTIVE AGRICULTURE
2.8. WORKERS’ AUTONOMY AND ANTI-INTELLECTUALISM
2.9. THE OVERWELMING POPULAR CONSENSUS OF THE REGIME
2.10. FOREIGN POLICY: INTERNATIONALISM AND DEFENSE OF THE USSR
3. MARXIST CONCEPTION OF PLANNED ECONOMY p. 473
3.1. THE END OF THE UNEMPLOYMENT
3.2. THE SUCCESS OF THE 5-YEAR PLANS AND STACHANOVISM
3.3. DAILY LIFE AND WORK CONDITIONS
3.4. THE ROMANI ISSUE
4. THE TRIUMPH OF CULTURE AND ART p. 487
4.1. THE POLITICALLY COMMITTED ART AND SOCIALIST REALISM
4.2. ANDREJ ZDANOV’S CULTURAL STRUGGLE
4.3. BOURGEOIS LITERATURE VERSUS PROLETARIAN LITERATURE
5. THE SOVIET CONSTITUTION OF 1936, THE MOST ADVANCED OF HISTORY p. 493
5.1. THE CRITIQUES TO THE CONSTITUTION AND STALIN’S RESPONSES
6. THE BLOODY FIGHT TO CRUSH THE COUNTERREVOLUTION p. 500
6.1. THE SOVIET SECRET SERVICE FROM LENIN TO STALIN
6.2. THE TRUE NUMBERS OF THE REPRESSION AND PURGES
6.3. THE SOCIAL CONSEQUENCES OF LAND COLLECTIVIZATION
6.4. THE HOLOMODOR AND THE “TOUGH” OPPRESSION OF UKRAINE
6.5. GULAGS: RIEDUCATION CAMPS NOT EXTERMINATION CAMPS
6.6. THE MOTIVES OF THE HOMOSEXUALITY BAN
6.7. THE INTERPRETATION OFFERED BY THE SECRET KGB HISTORY
6.8. THE HISTORICAL TRUTH ON THE 30s CONSPIRACIES
6.9. BUCHARIN’S CONFESSION
6.10. THE MILITARY PURGES
6.11. THE 1937-1938 PURGES AND THE “GREAT TERROR”
6.12. EZOV’S POLITICAL BIOGRAPHY AND THE HISTORY OF HIS CRIMES
6.13. DID AN EXTERMINATION OF THE RULING BOLSHEVIK GROUP OCCUR?
6.14. WAS EZOV A MEMBER OF THE CONSPIRACY?
7. POLITICAL CONCLUSIONS REGARDING THE SOVIET CONSTRUCTION OF SOCIALISM p. 560

6. TROTSKY’S PARABOLA p. 563
1. TROTSKY’S YOUTH AND SUBSCRIPTION TO THE BOLSHEVIK PARTY p. 564
2. TROTSKY’S “RED BOOKLET” p. 566
3. THE LESSON FROM “TERRORISM AND COMMUNISM” p. 580
3.1. THE DEBATE ABOUT TRADE UNIONS p. 583
4. THE OPPOSITION TO LENIN IN THE 20s p. 583
4.1. THE STRUGGLE FOR POLITICAL POWER
4.2. THE ATTEMPTED 1927 COUP AGAINST STALIN
5. GRAMSCI’S LETTER TO THE CPSU CENTRAL COMMITTEE p. 592
5.1. THE CONFLICT BETWEEN “BESSARIONE” E “BRONSTEIN” IN “THE PRISON NOTEBOOKS”
6. TROTSKY’S ROLE AT THE EVE OF THE SECOND WORLD WAR p. 600
6.1. THE ENEMY: THE NEW ARISTOCRACY, THE NEW BOLSHEVIK BOURGEOISIE
6.2. BOLSHEVISM AND FASCISM
6.3. DEFATISM E CAPITULATION TOWARDS NAZI GERMANY
6.4. TUCHACHEVSKIJ’S CONSPIRACY
6.5. PROVOCATIONS AT THE SERVICE OF THE NAZIS
6.6. THE ACCEPTANCE OF INDIVIDUAL TERRORISM
6.7. THE FOUNDATION OF THE FOURTH INTERNATIONAL
7. FROM THE WILL TO THE “MYTH” p. 611
8. POLITICAL CONCLUSIONS REGARDING “TROTSKYISM” p. 615

7. COMMUNISM, RELIGION AND CHURCH p. 617
1. FOR A MILITANT MATERIALISM p. 617
2. 1515-1966: THE MILLENRY ECCLESIASTIC CENSORSHIP p. 618
3. RELIGIONS AGAINST WOMEN p. 620
3.1. THE RELIGIOUS FOUNDATIONS OF MISOGINY
3.2. THEOLOGY OF WOMAN
3.3. THE ABSOLULTE MALE SUPREMACY
3.4. MISOGYNY AND MYTHOLOGY
3.5. THE HIJAB
3.6. THE “SHARIA LAW”
4. THE REASONS FOR THE BOLSHEVIK ANTI-RELIGIOUS POLICIES p. 625
4.1. THE INCOMPATIBILITY BETWEEN RELIGION AND COMMUNISM
4.2. LENIN’S ATHEIST AND MATERIALIST PERSPECTIVE
4.3. THE NEED FOR THE SEPARATION BETWEEN CHURCH AND PUBLIC EDUCATION
5. SELECTED WRITINGS FROM GRAMSCI ABOUT RELIGION AND THE CATHOLIC CHURCH p. 634
5.1. THE EDUCATION ACCORDING TO THE VATICAN
5.2. THE RELATIONSHIP BETWEEN THE ITALIAN GOVERNMENT AND THE CHURCH AND ITS CONSEQUENCES ON THE PUBLIC EDUCATION
6. HISTORICAL ANNOTATIONS REGARDING THE CATHOLIC CHURCH IN THE 20TH CENTURY p. 656
6.1. THE COOPERATION WITH IMPERIALISM CONDEMNED BY HO CHI MINH
6.2. THE COLLUSION WITH THE CAPITAL IN THE EXPLOITATION OF THE WORKERS
6.3. THE STRATEGICAL ALLIANCE WITH NAZISM
6.4. PIO XII, HITLER’S POPE
6.5. THE EXCOMMUNICATION OF COMMUNISTS
6.6. FILO-FASCIST AND ANTI-COMMUNIST “MIRACLES” OF THE SO-CALLED “GOOD” POPE RONCALLI
6.7. JOHN PAUL II, THE “SAINT” POPE
6.8. THE REACTIONARY RELATIONSHIP WITH SOLIDARNOSC
6.9. THE “SAINT” MOTHER TERESA
6.10. PADRE PIO’S BIG FRAUD
6.11. CHRISTIAN TERRORISM AND GENOCIDE
6.12. A GREAT ECONOMIC-FINANCIAL POWER
6.13. THE INSTITUITE FOR THE WORKS OF RELIGION (I.O.R), VATICAN’S BANK
7. COMMUNISM IS NOT THE GOSPEL p. 686

8. STALIN, THE BUILDER OF SOCIALISM p. 694
1. A LIFE DEVOTED TO COMMUNISM p. 695
1.1. JUVENILE POLITICAL EDUCATION (1879-1917)
1.2. THE MANAGEMENT OF THE OCTOBER REVOLUTION
1.3. THE ROLE IN THE CIVIL WAR (1918-1922)
1.4. THE REJECTION OF THE PERSONALITY CULT
1.5. THE LOSS OF A SON IN WAR
1.6. TOTALLY INDIFFERENCE IN PERSONAL FINANCIAL REWARDS
2. SOCIALISM IN ONE COUNTRY: CONTINUITY WITH LENIN p. 711
2.1. THE OATH OF LOYALTY TO LENIN
3. STALINS “RED BOOKLET” p. 716
3.1. THE “NATIONAL ISSUE”
4. THE LAST STRUGGLES p. 746
4.1 FOREIGN POLICY INDICATIONS
4.2 THE GREAT MISTAKE ACCORDING TO TOGLIATTI
4.3 THE LAST SPEECH TO THE PARTY
4.4 THE MISTERY ABOUT HIS DEATH
5. HISTORICAL-POLITICAL JUDGMENT BEFORE ANTISTALINISM p. 756
5.1. THE HOMAGE BY THE ITALIAN REPUBLIC PRESIDENT SANDRO PERTINI
5.2. VALENTINO PARLATO AND LUIGI PINTOR’S CHANGE OF HEART

9. ANTI-STALINISM IS ANTI-COMMUNISM p. 763
1. THE CULTURAL CLASS WAR OF THE BOURGEOIS INTELLECTUALS p. 763
1.1. THE FALSIFICATION OF SOVIET HISTORY CONDEMNED BY THE DUMA
1.2. HISTORY IS WRITTEN BY THE VICTORS
1.3. HANNAH ARENDT’S ACCUSATIONS OF TOTALITARIANISM AND ITS CONFUTATION
1.4. HOBSBAWM’S HISTORICAL-POLITICAL LIMITS
1.5. ROBERT CONQUEST’S DESCRIPTION
1.6. THE BLACK BOOK OF COMMUNISM: A GREAT FRAUD
1.7. GEORGE ORWELL’S BETRAYAL
1.8. TOGLIATTI’S REVIEW OF “1984”
1.9. SOLZHENITSYN: AN ARCHIPELAGUS OF LIES
2. SURPASSING THE ANTI-STALINISM p. 798
2.1. THE LIMITS OF WESTERN MARXISM
2.2. HOLZ’S J’ACCUSE

10. GLOBAL CLASS STRUGGLE, 1933-1945 p. 817
1. BRIEF HISTORY OF NATIONAL-SOCIALISM p. 818
1.1. “MEIN KAMPF”, HITLER’S POLITICAL MANIFESTO
1.2. FROM GREAT DEPRESSION IN 1929 TO THE SEIZURE OF POWER
1.3. THE ESTABLISHMENT OF TOTALITARIANISM AND IMPERIALIST EXPANSIONISM
1.4. WHAT IS OFTEN FORGOTTEN ABOUT THE RISE OF NAZISM…
1.5. THE WEIMAR REPUBLIC FROM THALMANN’S POINT OF VIEW
2. THE “IDEALIST” BOURGEOIS HISTORICAL INTERPRETATIONS OF NAZISM p. 828
2.1. THE HISTORIOGRAPHICAL REVISIONISM
2.2. THE MARXIST AND COMINTERN INTERPRETATION OF NATIONAL-SOCIALISM
2.3. NAZISM AS A COLONIAL DEGENERATION OF LIBERAL IDEOLOGY
2.4. ANALYSIS REGARDING THE UNITY AND DIVEREGENCE AMONGST FASCIST MOVEMENTS
3. SPANISH CIVIL WAR AND THE INTERNATIONAL BRIGADES p. 837
3.1. THE MYTH OF DOLORES IBARRURI
3.2. GUERNICA 1937: NAZI-FASCIST MASSACRE AND PICASSO’S MASTERPIECE
3.3. CATALUNYA 1937: INTERNAL FIGHT WITHIN THE ANARCO-TROTSKYISTS
4. FROM THE TREATY OF MUNICH TO THE MOLOTOV-RIBBENTROP PACT p. 845
4.1. 23RD AUGUST 1939: A DIPLOMATIC MASTERPIECE
4.2. THE ART OF COMPROMISE TAUGHT BY LENIN
5. 1939-41, THE PREPARATION FOR WAR p. 854
5.1. THE REASONS FOR THE INVASION OF POLAND
5.2. THE KATYN MASSACRE: AN ANTI-COMUNIST LIE
5.3. THE BRIEF CONFLICT WITH FINLAND
5.4. HESS’S FLIGHT AND CHURCHILL’S GEOPOLITICAL EVALUATION
6. OPERATION BARBAROSSA AND THE GREAT PATRIOTTIC WAR p. 868
6.1. THE LENINGRAD’S HEROIC RESISTANCE
6.2. THE DELAY IN THE OPENING UP OF A SECOND FRONT AGAINST GERMANY
6.3. THE TURNING POINT OF THE XX CENTURY: THE STALINGRAD BATTLE
6.4. THE SOVIET MARSHALL ZHUKOV, STALINGRAD’S HERO
6.5. KONSTANTIN SIMONOV, THE “FIGHTING” POET
7. THE WOMEN’S ROLE IN THE RED ARMY p. 880
7.1. THE “NIGHT WITCHES”
7.2. LUDMILLA PAVLYCHENKO AND THE WOMEN SNIPERS IN THE RED ARMY
7.3. THE FUNDEMENTAL WOMEN’S ROLE IN DEFENSE OF THE “MOTHERLAND”
8. THE PARTISAN RESISTENCE AND THE ROLE OF BESPRISORNIKI p. 884
8.1. THE “DEATH MATCH” AND THE FC START FOOTBALL RESISTANCE
9. THE GREAT FINAL OFFENSIVE p. 887
9.1 27 JANUARY 1945: THE RED ARMY FREES AUSCHWITZ
9.2 NIKOLAJ MASALOV’S HEROISM
9.3 THE RED FLAG FLIES ON THE REICHSTAG
9.4 9 MAY 1945: THE VICTORY DAY
9.5 THE TESTIMONY OF THE SOVIET MARSHAL ZHUKOV
9.6 THE JAPANESE SURRENDER
10. THE HISTORICAL REVISIONISM ON THE USSR’S ROLE p. 901
10.1. THE ENOURMOUS BURDEN ENDURED FOR THE LIBERATION FROM THE NAZI-FASCISM REGIME IN EUROPE
10.2. THE TERRIBLE GERMAN WAR CRIMES
11. STALIN’S ROLE IN THE WAR p. 906
11.1. THE ACCUSATIONS IN KHRUSCHEV’S REPORT
11.2. THE EVE OF OPERATION BARBAROSSA
11.3. A BRIEF EUPHORIA
11.4. THE DEMONIZATION OF STALIN AND POLITICAL MYTHOLOGY
11.5. THE REASONS BEHIND THE SOVIET VICTORY IN THE SECOND WORLD WAR

11. THE USSR FROM WWII TO THE SPACE EXPLORATION p. 917
1. THE SOCIALISM ECONOMIC-SOCIAL ISSUES p. 917
1.1. HOW MUCH TAXES WERE PAID IN USSR?
1.2. THE REVOLUTIONARY IT DEVELOPMENT
1.3. THE DAILY LIFE DEPICTED BY A PRODUCTION MANAGER
1.4. JAŠIN, THE EXAMPLE OF THE “NEW SOVIET MAN”
2. FROM THE ATTEMPTED WORLD REVOLUTION TO THE COLD WAR p. 935
2.1. THE DISSOLUTION OF THE COMINTERN
2.2 THE “SALERNO TURNING POINT” AGREED BY STALIN AND TOGLIATTI
2.3. THE NEED FOR PROTECTION AGAINST AMERICAN IMPERIALISM
2.4. COMINFORM’S REVOLUTIONARY INTERNATIONALISM: GREECE AND ITALY
2.5. COMECON’S SOCIALIST ECONOMIC COOPERATION
2.6. THE SOVIET NUCLEAR PROJECT AS A MEANS FOR PEACE
2.7. BRUNO PONTECORVO, THE SCIENTIST WHO CHOSE THE USSR
2.8. THE DEFENSE AGAINST THE COUNTER-REVOLUTION OFFERED BY THE KGB
2.9. THE CAMBRIDGE SPY RING
2.10. THE MILITARY DEFENSE GUARANTEED BY THE WARSAW PACT (1955)
2.11. THE AK RIFLE, A WEAPON TO DEFEND SOCIALISM
3. THE GLOBAL EFFORT FOR PEACE p. 972
3.1. THE PARTISANS’ PEACE MOVEMENT
3.2. THE INSTITUTION OF THE “STALIN PEACE PRIZE” IN CONTRAST WITH THE “NOBEL PEACE PRIZE”
3.3. THE ANTI-IMPERIALIST PRONOUNCEMENT OF THE ‘THIRD WORLD’ AT BANDUNG (1955)
4. COUNTER-REVOLUTION IN THE USSR p. 986
4.1. THE RISE AND FALL OF KHRUSCHEV (1953-64)
4.2. THE REASON FOR THE ATTACK ON STALIN
4.3. DID KHRUSCHEV PARTICIPATE IN A CONSPIRACY?
4.4. POLITICAL CONSEQUENCES
4.5. THE UNSOLVED WEAK POINTS IN THE SOCIALIST SOVIET ECONOMIC MODEL
4.6. THE END OF THE COMINFORM
4.7. IS 1956 THE YEAR OF THE ABANDONMENT OF MARXISM-LENINISM?
4.8. CHINESE ACCUSATIONS OF REVISIONISM
4.9. THE DEFEATED LENINIST RESISTANCE IN 1957
4.10. LAZAR KAGANOVIC, A BOLSHEVIK UNTIL THE END
5. SOCIALISM WINS THE SPACE p. 1011
5.1. THE SPUTNIK, SERGEJ KOROLEV THE BEST INVENTOR
5.2. 12 APRIL 1961: THE LEGEND OF YURI GAGARIN
5.3. VALENTINA TERESHKOVA, THE FIRST WOMAN IN SPACE
6. THE SUSLOV REPORT ENDS KHRUSCHEV ERA p. 1017

12. FROM BREZHNEV TO THE CAPITALIST RESTORATION p. 1023
1. THE BREZHNEV ERA p. 1023
1.1. BREZHNEV’S STABILIZATION
1.2. BREZHNEV’S OFFICIAL BIOGRAPHY
1.3. BREZHNEV’S NON-OFFICIAL BIOGRAPHY
1.4. SUSLOV, THE THINKER OF THE USSR DURING THE COLD WAR
1.5. SOCIALIST DEMOCRACY AND LOYALTY TO MARXISM-LENINISM
1.6. THE 1977 SOVIET CONSTITUTION
2. THE SOVIET ECONOMY FROM KRUSHEV TO BREZHNEV p. 1039
2.1. THE AGRICULTURAL MISTAKES
2.2. THE WEAKENING OF SOCIALIST ARGICULTURE
2.3. THE ATTACK ON CENTRALIZED INDUSTRIAL PLANNING
2.4. KRUSCHEV STOPPED BEFORE CAUSING MORE DAMAGE
2.5. THE TECHNOLOGICAL-INDUSTRIAL DIFFICULTIES IN THE MID ’60s
2.6. KOSYGIN’S REFORM (1965)
2.7. AGRICULTURE IN CRISIS
2.8. TOWARDS PRODUCTIVE STAGNATION
2.9. HAMMER & SICKLE ENGINES
3. USSR FOREIGN POLICY DURING BREZHNEV ERA p. 1046
3.1. “LET’S WORK TO BUILD SOCIALISM”
3.2. RELATIONS WITH THE EASTERN EUROPEAN COUNTRIES
3.3. THE ECONOMIC SUPPORT PROVIDED TO THE PEOPLE’S DEMOCRACIES AND TO THE SOCIALIST REPUBLICS
3.4. THE DISAGREEMENTS WITH THE PEOPLE’S REPUBLIC OF CHINA
3.5. CZECHOSLOVAKIA
3.6. IMPERIALISM, THE ENEMY OF THE PEOPLE
3.7. THE DENOUNCIATION OF THE SOUTH-EAST ASIAN CRIMES
3.8. THE SUPPORT PROVIDED TO THE WORKERS STRUGGLES IN THE WESTERN WORLD
3.9. IN SUPPORT OF THE DECOLONIALIZATION OF THIRD WORLD COUNTRIES
3.10. THE SOUTHERN AMERICAN SITUATION
3.11. AGAINST REVISIONISM FOR THE UNITY OF THE INTERNATIONAL COMMUNIST GROUPS
3.12. THE EFFORT FOR GLOBAL PEACE AND SAFETY
3.13. THE CAMPAIGN AGAINST THE ARMS RACE
3.14. THE EASING OF TENSIONS WITH THE USA DOES NOT EXCLUDE AN ACTIVE DEFENCE OF THE PEACE
3.15. THE CONCRETE TASKS OF COMMUNISTS IN THE WORLD
4. BREZHNEV’S CPSU AGAINST EURO-COMMUNISM p. 1065
4.1. “ITALIAN COMMUNISTS DENY THE USSR’S EFFORT TOWARDS PEACE”
4.2. “IT IS UNACCEPTABLE TO CONSIDER THE USSR AND THE USA TO BE ON THE SAME LEVEL”
4.3. “IMPERIALISM WISHES TO DESTROY SOCIALISM AND THE ITALIAN COMMUNIST PARTY (PCI) IS HELPING”
4.4. IN DEFENSE OF THE ACHIVEMENTS OF REAL SOCIALISM
4.5. THE ITALIAN COMMUNIST PARTY (PCI) SUPPORTS THE BOURGEOIS DEMOCRACY
4.6. THE ATTACK ON MARXISM-LENINISM
4.7. THE REVISIONISM WITHIN THE ITALIAN COMMUNIST PARTY (PCI) INDIRECTLY AIDES IMPERIALISM
5. THE BOLSHEVIKS’ SUNSET p. 1072
5.1. ANDROPOV’S BIOGRAPHY
5.2. LEADING THE KGB AND THE COUNTRY
5.3. ANDROPOV’S FOREIGN POLICY
5.4. THE DISSIDENTS’ ISSUE
5.5. CERNENKO’S TRANSITION
6. PERESTROIJKA AND THE DISSOLUTION OF THE USSR p. 1079
6.1. GORBACHEV, THE REFORMER
6.2. THE INADEQUACY OF THE SOVIET MANAGEMENT CLASS
6.3. GORBACHEV’S TACTICS TO DESTROY SOCIALISM
6.4. THE EXPLICIT ADMISSION OF BETRAYAL
6.5. RUSSIA’S SITUATION FOLLOWING THE FALL OF THE USSR
6.6. THE POLITICAL AND CULTURAL RESISTANCE TO CAPITALIST RESTAURATION
6.7. YELTSIN’S 1993 COUP
6.8. THE ANTICOMMUNIST FRAUD OF 1996
6.9. COMUNISTS AT PUTIN OPPOSITION
7. THE ECONOMIC CAUSES BEHIND THE FALL OF THE USSR p. 1096
7.1. KRUSCHEV’S DISASTROUS ECONOMIC POLICIES
7.2. THE EXPANSION OF THE BLACK ECONOMY
7.3. THE 80s
7.4. THE GORBACHEV’S LIBERIST POLICIES DESTROYED THE SOVIET ECONOMY
7.5. THE FINAL CHRISIS OF THE SYSTEM CAUSED BY THE SOVIET REFORMISTS
8. LESSONS FROM THE XXTH CENTURY SOCIALISM p. 1101
8.1. THE MERITS OF THE CENTRAL ECONOMIC PLANNING
8.2. THE CONFRONTATION WITH THE USA AND THE WEST
8.3. WHAT WERE THE HUMAN COSTS OF SOCIALISM?
8.4. IS CAPITALISM MORE DEMOCRATIC THAN SOCIALISM?
8.5. WHO CAN BETTER GUARANTEE SOCIAL RIGHTS AND EQUALITY?
8.6. THE TWO HISTORICAL TENDENCIES WITHIN THE CPSU
8.7. THE REASONS BEHIND THE DOWNFALL OF THE SOVIET UNION
9. COMMUNISM IS THE YOUTH OF THE WORLD p. 1109

 VOL. 2. THE ANTICOMUNIST CRUSADE AGAINST THE ANTI-IMPERIALIST DECOLONIZATION

AN INTRODUCTION ON THE COLONIAL ISSUE
A. THE BACKWARDNESS OF THE II INTERNATIONAL ON COLONIALISM
B. LENIN, THE III INTERNATIONAL AND THE LIBERATION OF HUMANITY
C. THE CONSEQUENCES OF THE COLD WAR ON THE THIRD WORLD COUNTRIES
D. ERNESTO “CHE” GUEVARA’S APPEAL FOR WORLD REVOLUTION

13. THE TOTALITARIANISM IN THE USA
1. THE SILENT GENOCIDE OF THE INDIGENOUS PEOPLE
2. THE HISTORY OF THE AMERICAN WORKERS’ MOVEMENT
2.1. THE ORIGIN
2.2. THE FIRST TRADE UNIONS AND THE FIRST WORLD WAR
2.3. THE MODEL OF MARY HARRIS JONES
2.4. ROCKFELLER’S AMERICA AGAINST THE “RED OCTOBER”
2.5. THE ANTI-SOVIET INTERVENTION AND THE REPRESSION IN THE USA
2.6. WORKERS’ CONFLICTUALITY
2.7. THE STRUGGLE IN DEFENSE OF THE SOVIETS
2.8. THE COMMUNISTS ORGANIZE
2.9. THE STORY OF WILLIAM Z. FOSTER
2.10. THE ASSASSINATION OF SACCO AND VANZETTI
2.11. SYNDACALISM FROM THE 20s TO TODAY
3. THE RACIST REGIME IMPOSED ON THE AFRO-AMERICAN CITIZENS
3.1. FROM SLAVERY TO THE TOTALITARIAN PERIOD
3.2. THE TERROR IN THE 30s
3.3. WILLIAM DU BOIS, THE ACTIVIST THAT ASSOCIATED HITLER WITH THE USA
3.4. THE AFRO-AMERICAN IMMIGRATION TO THE USSR
3.5. THE “AMERICAN DREAM” IN THE EARLY 60s
3.6. BLACK PANTHERS AND BLACK POWER
3.7. THE LEGEND OF MALCOLM X
3.8. MARTIN LUTHER KING’S STRUGGLE AGAINST RACISM AND CAPITALISM
3.9. SMITH AND CARLOS’ PROTEST AT THE 1968 OLYMPIC GAMES
3.10. MUHAMMAD ALI, A CHAMPION IN SPORTS AS IN LIFE
3.11. THE REASONS BEHIND THE BAN ON SEGREGATION
3.12. A PERSISTENT RACISM
4. JAPANESE INTERNMENT CAMPS
5. MCCARTHYISM: THE AMERICAN PURGES
5.1. THE FARCE TRIAL TO ETHEL AND JULIUS ROSENBERG
5.2. FBI’S SUSPECTS ABOUT MARILYN MONROE
6. A FREE AND DEMOCRATIC STATE?
6.1. CARCERARY REGIME
6.2. THE WALL OF SHAME
6.3. THE PERSISTENT HUMAN RIGHT’S VIOLATIONS

14. STARS AND STRIPES IMPERIALISM
1. THE GREATEST ENEMY OF ALL THE PEOPLE
2. CHRONICLES OF AMERICAN FOREIGN POLICIES FROM 1798 TO 1945
3. AMERICAN CORPORATIONS AND HITLER
3.1. THE SUPPORTER OF THE FUHRER
3.2. DEPRESSION? WHICH DEPRESSION?
3.3. BETTER HITLER THAN “ROSENFELD”
3.4. WHY WORRYING ABOUT THE IMMINENT WAR?
3.5. IMPOSE THE BLITZ TO THE LAMPO WAR
3.6. WHAT A MAGNIFICENT WAR!
3.7. AMERICAN HELP TO SOVIET UNION AND NAZI GERMANY
3.8. BUSINESS LIKE USUAL
3.9. PROFIT ÜBER ALLES. PROFIT FIRST!
3.10. PROCURE THE WORK OF SLAVES!
3.11. ROOSEVELT’S BLESSING
3.12. THE AMERICAN BUSINESS SYSTEM AND POST-WAR GERMANY
3.13. CAPITALISM, DEMOCRACY, FASCISM AND WAR
4. NAZIS WORKING FOR THE CIA AGAINST THE USSR
5. THE AMERICAN INTERVENTIONS DURING THE COLD WAR (1945-1991)
5.1. A BRIEF HISTORY OF NATO
5.2. NEOCOLONIAL EMPIRE AND PASSION FOR WEAPONS
5.3. OBAMA’S FOREIGN POLICY
5.4. THE RESULTS OF THE WARMONGERING AMERICAN IMPERIALISM
6. THE NEOCOLONIAL FINANCIAL DOMINANCE, THE INTERNATIONAL MONETARY FUND (IMF) AND THE WORLD BANK
7. THE POWER OF MULTINATIONAL CORPORATIONS
7.1. THE CHIQUITA BANANA REPUBLICS
7.2. THE WORLD ENTHIRSTENED BY COCA-COLA
7.3. BRISTOL-MYERS SQUIBB’S DRUGS
7.4. EXXON MOBIL’S (ESSO) OIL BUSINESS
7.5. MCDONALD’S RESTAURANTS
7.6. “JUST DO IT!”: THE NIKE CASE
7.7. THE STRONGEST MULTINATIONAL OF THE WORLD: WAL-MART
8. AMERICAN CULTURAL IMPERIALISM

15. THE EASTERN EUROPEAN PEOPLE’S DEMOCRACIES
1. THE EASTERN EUROPEAN PEOPLE’S DEMOCRACIES
1.1. THE FOUNDATION OF THE PEOPLE’S REPUBLICS (1944-48)
1.2. THE COMMON ECONOMIC DEVELOPMENT (1948-56)
1.3. THE AMERICAN DESTABILIZATION
1.4. THE WOMEN’S CONDITION DURING SOCIALISM….
1.5. …AND AFTER THE DOWNFALL OF THE PEOPLE’S REPUBLICS
2. THE PEOPLE’S REPUBLIC OF BULGARIA
2.1. THE DIMITROV’S INTERNATIONALIST EXAMPLE
2.2. THE FALL OF THE REGIME AS AN EXAMPLE OF A “COLOURED REVOLUTION”
3. THE SOCIALIST FEDERAL REPUBLIC OF JUGOSLAVIA
3.1. THE MARSHAL TITO BROZ
3.2. THE TERRIBILE ITALIAN FASCIST WAR CRIMES
3.3. CROATIA 1941-1944: AN ULTRA-CATHOLIC BLOODBATH
3.4. THE HISTORICAL FILO-FASCIST REVISIONISM ON THE ‘FOIBE’
3.5. THE EXAMPLE OF THE BASOVIZZA’S FOIBA
3.6. THE CONFLICT WITH THE USSR
3.7. THE ECONOMIC PROFILE OF JUGOSLAVIAN “SELF-MANAGED” SOCIALISM
3.8. LABOR AND DAILY LIFE
4. THE GERMAN DEMOCRATIC REPUBLIC
4.1. MORAL, POLITICAL AND ECONOMIC CHARACTERISTICS
4.2. SOCIETY AND DAILY LIFE
4.3. THE EVOLUTION OF WOMEN’S RIGHTS IN THE TWO GERMANYS
4.4. THE SEXUAL LIBERATION OF THE “GERMAN DEMOCRATIC” WOMEN
4.5. EVERYTHING TO KNOW ABOUT THE BERLIN WALL
4.6. WESTERN SABOTAGES WERE THE REASON FOR THE CONSTRUCTION OF THE WALL
4.7. “WHY WE BUILT THE WALL”
4.8. JUNE 17TH 1953: THE ATTEMPTED COUP
4.9. THE 600,000 MIGRANTS FROM THE GERMAN FEDERAL REPUBLIC TO THE GERMAN DEMOCRATIC REPUBLIC
4.10. THE UNHEARD PASOLINI’S WARNING TO THE YOUTH
4.11. THE COLONIAL AGGRESSION TO THE EAST, A GUIDE FOR AN UNITED EUROPE
4.12. THE CRIMINALIZATION OF COMMUNISTS AND OF THE DDR
4.13. THE AUTO-DEFENCE OF ERICK HONECKER IN THE TRIAL
5. THE POLISH PEOPLE’S REPUBLIC
5.1. POZNAN 1956 AND THE RISE OF GOMULKA
5.2. THE REACTIONARY ROLE OF SOLIDARNOSC
5.3. THE COUNTERREVOLUTION HALTED BY JARUZELSKI
6. THE SOCIALIST REPUBLIC OF ROMANIA
6.1. LIFE AND BIBLIOGRAPHY OF CEAUSESCU
7. THE PEOPLE’S SOCIALIST REPUBLIC OF ALBANIA
7.1. ENVER HOXHA, THE BUILDER OF SOCIALISM
7.2. THE ANTI-IMPERIALIST STRUGGLE
7.3. AGAINST ALL REVISIONISM
8. THE CZECHOSLOVAK SOCIALIST REPUBLIC
8.1. PRAGUE’S SPRING IN THE 60s CRISIS
9. THE HUNGERIAN PEOPLE’S REPUBLIC
9.1. HETERODOXY OR REVISIONISM
9.2. BUDAPEST 1956
9.3. THE “WHITE TERROR” UNLEASHED BY THE REACTIONARIES
9.4. AN AVOIDED COUNTER-REVOLUTION
9.5. THE AUTHORITARIAN TURN AFTER THE CAPITALIST RESTAURATION

16. THE DEEP CAUSES OF THE AFRICAN UNDER-DEVELOPMENT
1. AFRICA: COLONIALISM, NEOCOLONIALISM, IMPERIALISM
1.1. THE DEMOCRATIC CIVILIZATION OF THE COLONIALIST WEST
1.2. CUBA AND AFRICA
2. THE REVOLUTIONARY-THEORETICAL CONTRIBUTION OF FRANTZ FANON
2.1. THE COLONIAL VIOLENCE DOES NOT END WITH POLITICAL INDEPENDENCE
2.2. THE BLACK AND THE LANGUAGE
3. THE ANTI-FRENCH AND SOCIALIST ALGERIAN REVOLT
4. THE LIBYAN OIL UNDER IMPERIALIST SIEGE
4.1. GHEDDAFI, AN INCONVENIENT LEADER
4.2. A MURDER WITH MANY REASONS
4.3. THE WILL OF A PAN-AFRICAN ANTI-IMPERIALIST
5. THE CONSPIRACIES AGAINST THE NASSERIST EGYPT
5.1. THE NATIONALIZATION OF SUEZ AGAINST IMPERIALISM
6. ETHIOPIA UNDER MENGISTU, THE AFRICAN HORN AND THE AMERICAN SABOTAGE
7. THOMAS SANKARA’S REVOLUTIONARY BURKINA FASO
7.1. THE PUBLIC DEBT AS AN INSTRUMENT OF OPPRESSION
7.2. A REVOLUTION FOR THE WOMEN
8. AMILCAR CABRAL’S ANTI-COLONIAL STRUGGLE FOR GUINEA-BISSAU
9. GHANA, ONLY ANOTHER COUP
9.1. KWAME NKRUMAH, THE INVENTOR OF THE TERM “NEOCOLONIALISM”
10. THE SYSTEMATIC LOOT OF CONGO
10.1. THE MITH OF PATRICE LUMUMBA
11. SAMORA MACHEL’S MOZAMBIQUE
12. THE NEOCOLONIAL DEVASTATION OF ANGOLA
13. THE HISTORY OF THE SOUTH-AFRICAN APARTHEID
13.1. THE COMMUNIST ARMED STRUGGLE OF NELSON MANDELA
13.2. MANDELA’S GRATITUDE TO CHINA AND TO THE SOVIET UNION
14. NOT ONLY THE USA: THE FRENCH IMPERIALISM
14.1 GUINEA, TOGO, MALI
14.2 SUDAN
14.3 NIGERIA
14.4 THE TOTAL NUMBER OF COUPS IN THE AFRICAN CONTINENT
14.5 THE PILLAGE AS DAILY LIFE

17. LATIN AMERICA, THE USA’S “BACKYARD”
1. THE WESTERN IMPERIALISM IN THE XIXTH CENTURY
2. THE NEOCOLONIAL AMERICAN DOMINATION IN LATIN AMERICA
2.1. THE CIA STRATEGY AND METHODOLOGY
3. MEXICO, AT THE BORDER OF THE “EMPIRE”
3.1 PANCHO VILLA, THE “OUTLAW” REVOLUTIONARY
3.2. THE LEGEND OF EMILIANO ZAPATA
3.3. CARDENAS, THE MOST POPULAR MEXICAN PRESIDENT
3.4. THE USA INTERVENTIONISM
3.5. THE DRUG SMUGGLING AS AN ECONOMIC, MILITARY AND POLITICAL WEAPON OF THE CIA
3.6. THE EZLN AND THE SUBCOMANDANTE MARCOS
4. GUATEMALA: A BLOODY NEOCOLONIALISM
4.1. THE OVERTHROW OF A PROGRESSIVE GOVERNMENT WITH THE AID OF THE UNITED FRUIT COMPANY
4.2. THE CIA “PERFECT” COUP
4.3. THE PSYCHOLOGICAL WARFARE FOR THE 1954 “COLORED REVOLUTION”
4.4. POVERTY AND MASS TERROR
5. NICARAGUA AND THE SANDINIST ANTI-IMPERIALIST GUERRILLA
5.1. SANDINISTS SEIZE THE POWER IN NICARAGUA
5.2. THE AID FROM THE SOCIALIST BLOCK AGAINST THE CIA FUNDED CONTRAS
5.3. THE NGO DESTABILIZING INFLUENCE
5.4. THE LIMITS AND MERITS OF THE SANDINIST EXPERIENCE
6. THE QUIET SUBMISSION OF COSTA RICA
7. EL SALVADOR FROM FARABUNDO MARTÌ TO THE FMLN
8. PANAMÁ, A STATE BUILT BY THE USA FOR ITS CANAL
9. A BLOODSTAINED CARIBBEAN SEA
10. THE COLOMBIAN DRUG TRAFFICKING AND THE COMMUNIST GUERRILLA
10.1. THE 50 YEARS OF ARMED STRUGGLE OF THE FARC
10.2. THE REVOLUTIONARY MORALITY AGAINST THE BOURGEOIS MORALITY
10.3. THE WOMEN IN THE FARC
11. ECUADOR, FROM THE POVERTY TO THE ALBA
12. THE CLASS STRUGGLE IN PERU
12.1. THE WALL OF SHAME IN LIMA
12.2. LIGHT AND SHADOWS OF THE COMMUNIST GUERILLA MOVEMENT SHINING PATH
12.3. GUZMAN’S DEGENERATION AND THE CONTINUATION OF THE STRUGGLE
13. THE BRAZILIAN SAMBA TAMED BY THE USA
13.1. FROM THE WILD NEO-LIBERALISM TO THE 2016 COUP
14. URUGUAY AND THE TUPAMAROS
15. THE ARGENTINA OF THE AMBIGUOUS PERON
15.1. FROM PERONISM TO THE MILITARY DICTATORSHIP
16. THE CHILE’S 11TH OF SEPTEMBER
16.1. FROM ALLENDE’S REFORMS TO PINOCHET’S NEOLIBERALISM
16.2. THE CIA’S UNDERGROUND WAR
16.3. THE LEGEND OF ALLENDE
16.4. THE SPEECH TO THE UNIVERSITY STUDENTS
16.5. THE SOLIDARITY AND CRITICAL ADMIRATION EXPRESSED BY BREZHNEV
16.6. THE MISTAKES IN THE CHILEAN PATH TO SOCIALISM
17. CHAVEZ’S VENEZUELA AND THE BOLIVARIAN REVOLUTION
17.1. THE DATA AND THE EXAMINATION OF THE SOCIAL PROGRESS
17.2. LATIN AMERICA’S REDEMPTION IN THE WORDS OF CHAVEZ
17.3. HOW TO AVOID THE ECOLOGICAL CATASTROPHE
17.4. THE CIA “NEW” TACTICS
18. THE ENEMIE’S ACTUAL MILITARY POWER
19. THE HOPE OF AN ANTIMPERIALIST SUNRISE
19.1. THE HONDURAS COUP OF 2009 IS AN ACT AGAINST ALBA
19.2. ALBA AS BASE FOR THE LIBERATION OF LATIN AMERICA

18. THE REVOLUTIONARY AND ANTI-IMPERIALIST EXAMPLE OF CUBA
1. THE DIALECTIC BETWEEN ANTI-COLONIAL REVOLT AND SOCIALIST REVOLUTION
1.1. CAMILO CIENFUEGOS, THE “LORD OF THE VANGURD”
1.2. ALL THE UNITED STATES SABOTAGE ATTEMPTS TO DESTROY THE REVOLUTION
1.3. FIDEL CASTRO AND THE BAY OF PIGS
1.4. THE RELATIONSHIP BETWEEN CUBA AND THE USSR
1.5. THE LEGACY OF FIDEL CASTRO
1.6. THE REVOLUTIONARY WOMEN IN THE ARMY
1.7. THE CUBAN WAY TO CENTRALIZED PLANNING
1.8. THE HEALTH-CARE AND SCIENTIFIC RESEARCH EXCELLENCES
1.9. A CAPITAL MADE OF CULTURE AND SPORT
1.10. THE ‘DICTATORSHIP”, THE POLITICAL DISSIDENTS AND YOANI SANCHEZ
1.11. THE RESISTANCE AND THE “REFORMS” AFTER THE FALL OF THE SOVIET UNION
1.12. THE COMRADE RAUL CASTRO
1.13. WHERE IS CUBA GOING?
2. THE LEGENDARY MITHS OF FIDEL CASTRO AND ERNESTO “CHE” GUEVARA
2.1. THE RIGHT TO REBEL
2.2. CASTRO’S “RED BOOKLET”
2.3. THE ANTI-IMPERIALIST STRUGGLE IN AFRICA
2.4. “CHE” GUEVARA’S “RED BOOKLET”
2.5. CHE GUEVARA’S OPINION ON THE URSS, STALIN E TROTSKYISM
2.6. CASTRO CRITICISES TROTSKYISM AS AN IMPERIALIST WEAPON
2.7. ERNESTO’S LETTERS
2.8. “CHE” GUEVARA’S DEATH IN THE FIGHT AGAINST THE BOLIVIAN CIA “AFFILIATED” DICTATOR
2.9. CASTRO’S HOMAGE TO ERNESTO “CHE” GUEVARA

19. THE HOPE IN THE PEOPLE’S REPUBLIC OF CHINA
1. THE CHINESE PATH TO SOCIALISM
2. THE LONG DECLINE IN THE IMPERIALIST ERA
2.1. FROM NATIONALIST ANTI-IMPERIALISM TO MARXISM-LENINISM
2.2. THE BIRTH OF THE CHINESE COMMUNIST PARTY
2.3. THE DUAL STRUGGLE: THE ANTI-IMPERIALIST AND CLASS STRUGGLES
2.4. THE USSR, THE COMINTERN AND THE ANTI-JAPANESE WAR
3. THE 1949 REVOLUTION AND THE BIRTH OF THE PEOPLE’S REPUBLIC
3.1. THE AMERICAN SABOTAGE AND GUERRILLA
3.2. THE FEMALE EMANCIPATION FROM THE MILLENARY PATRIARCHAL SLAVERY
3.3. MAO ZEDONG’S EFFORT FOR WOMEN’S RIGHTS
3.4. THE VICTORIES DURING THE “MAO” ERA
4. THE LIES REGARDING TIBET
4.1. THE PREVIOUS DALAI LAMAS’ FEUDAL REGIME
4.2. THE GREAT PROGRESS AND DEVELOPMENT OF TIBET DURING SOCIALISM
4.3. THE “NON-VIOLENT LEADER” DISHONEST RHETORIC
5. MAO AND CHINA AS ALLIES OF LENIN AND STALIN’S USSR
5.1. THE MAOIST EXPLANATION FOR THE DISSOLUTION OF THE COMINTERN
5.2. MAO AND CHINA AS THE ENEMIES OF CHRUSCEV, BREZNEV E GORBACEV
6. MAO ZE-DONG’S “RED BOOKLET”
7. POST-MAOIST MODERN CHINA
7.1. DENG XIAOPING AND THE “SOCIALISM WITH CHINESE CHARACTERISTICS”
7.2. THE PARTY AND THE LOYALTY TO MARXISM-LENINISM
7.3. THE PROGRESSIVE CONQUEST OF THE TECHNOLOGICAL INNOVATION
7.4. THE TRUTH ON THE TIANANMEN SQUARE PROTESTS OF 1989
7.5. THE NOBLE PRIZE WINNER LIU XIAOBO, “THE PROTECTOR OF HUMAN RIGHTS”
8. CHINA AND/OR IMPERIALISM?
8.1. AFRICA: COOPERATION OR NEO-COLONIALISM?
8.2. THE POLITICAL CRITIQUE OF THE SOUTH-AFRICAN COMMUNIST PARTY
8.3. FIDEL CASTRO’S AWARENESS
9. THE ECONOMIC CHARACTERISTICS OF THE CHINESE WAY TO SOCIALISM
9.1. THE STRUGGLE BETWEEN SOCIALISM AND CAPITALISM ACCORDING TO AMIN AND ARRIGHI
9.2. CHONGQIN’S MODEL
9.3. THE REFORM OF THE STATE-OWNED ENTERPRISES
9.4. THE THEORY OF THE CHINESE MIRACLE
10. THE LESSON LEARNT FROM THE COLLAPSE OF THE USSR
11. WHERE CHINA IS HEADED FOLLOWING THE XIXTH CONGRESS

20 THE AWAKENING OF THE ASIAN GIANT
1. THE DEMOCRATIC PEOPLE’S REPUBLIC OF KOREA
1.1. THE SOUTH-KOREAN MASSACRES OF COMMUNISTS
1.2. THE TRUE RESPONSIBILES OF THE KOREAN WAR
1.3. CHE’S REPORT
1.4. THE SUPPORT OFFERED TO THE BLACK PANTHERS
1.5. THE US OPPOSITION TO THE KOREAN REUNIFICATION
1.6. THE LIES OF THE IMPERIALIST PROPAGANDA
1.7. THE SO-CALLED “DEMOCRATIC” SOUTH KOREA
1.8. A KOREAN STORY
1.9. THE THREE REASONS AT THE BASIS OF THE DEVELOPMENT OF THE ATOMIC BOMB
1.10. THE KOREAN “RED BOOKLET”
2. THE SOCIALIST HISTORY OF THE MONGOLIAN PEOPLE’S REPUBLIC
3. THE JAPAN EMPIRE RULED BY THE CIA
4. GANDHI’S ALTERNATIVE MODEL FOR THE ANTI-COLONIAL STRUGGLE
4.1. THE POLITICAL USE OF FAMINES BY THE BRITISH EMPIRE
4.2. THE COOPERATION AND THE ANTI-IMPERIALIST SUPPORT PROVIDED BY THE USSR
4.3. THE DEVELOPMENT WITHOUT PROGRESS AND MODERN CLASS STRUGGLE
5. HO CHI MINH’S FREE SOCIALIST VIETNAM
5.1. THE LENIN AND “OCTOBER REVOLUTION” MODELS
5.2. THE BIRTH OF THE DEMOCRATIC REPUBLIC OF VIETNAM
5.3. THE FRENCH DEBACLE IN DIEN BIEN PHU
5.4. THE US INTERVENTIONISM AND THE GULF OF TONKIN INCIDENT
5.5. THE US WAR CRIMES
5.6. THE LEGEND OF HO CHI MINH
5.7. THE COMMANDER GIAP’S GUERRILLA TACTICS
5.8. HO CHI MINH’S LEGACY
5.9. THE FINAL OFFENSIVE FOR VICTORY
5.10. A SUCCESS OBTAINED THANKS TO THE POPULAR MOBILIZATION
5.11. THE SOCIALIST REPUBLIC OF VIETNAM
5.12. THE VIETNAMESE WAY TO SOCIALISM
6. THE SUBMISSION OF THE REST OF SOUTH-EAST ASIA
6.1. LAOS LIBERATED BY THE PATHET LAO
6.2. THE CONTROL OVER MALAYSIA AND THAILAND
6.3. TH PHILIPPINES, THE LARGEST AMERICAN COLONY
6.4. THE MASSACRE OF INDONESIAN COMMUNISTS
7. CAMBODIA BEFORE THE “KHMER ROUGE”
7.1. LA DISAPPROVAL OF THE INTERNATIONAL COMMUNIST MOVEMENT
7.2. WAS POL POT LIKE HITLER?
7.3. THE HISTORICAL CONSTRASTS WITH VIETNAM
7.4. THE EGALITARIAN REVOLUTION DURINIG THE WAR
7.5. THE DEMOCRATIC KAMPUCHEA
7.6. THE EVACUATION OF THE CAPITAL PHNOMH PENH
7.7. FROM UTOPIA TO MILITARY DEFEAT
8. THE PALESTINIAN ISSUE
8.1. ZIONISM, ANTI-SEMITISM AND THE RIGHT TO RESIST
8.2. THE ARAFAT’S HISTORICAL SPEECH TO THE UN ASSEMBLY
8.3. THE PLO ARMED STRUGGLE AND THE USSR SUPPORT
8.4. THE “DECORATION” OF ZIONISM REALIZED BY PERES
8.5. THE US BLOODY SUPPORT TO ISRAEL
9. THE “BOILING” MIDDLE EAST
9.1. THE ORIGIN AND THEMES OF PAN-ARABISM
9.2. THE AMERICAN CONFLICTS
9.3. THE EXPLOITATION OF IRAN UNTIL MOSSADEQ
9.4. THE AYATOLLAH’S ISLAMIC REVOLUTION
10. LA HISTORICAL IMPERIALIST PRESENCE IN AFGHANISTAN
10.1. THE SOCIALIST REVOLUTION OF 1978
10.2. COUNTERREVOLUTION, US DESTABILIZATION AND SOVIET SUPPORT
10.3. THE AWARE US SUPPORT TO ISLAMIC TERRORISM
10.4. THE WORSENING OF THE WOMEN’S RIGHTS
10.5. THE RISE AND FALL OF THE DEMOCRATIC REPUBLIC

21. ITALY: A SEMI-COLONY WITH LIMITED SOVRANITY
1. 1943-1945: CLASS STRUGGLE AND HISTORICAL REVISIONISM
1.1. THE CLANDESTINE COMMUNIST NETWORK
1.2. THE ECHO OF STALINGRAD AND THE FIRST FACTORY STRIKES
1.3. THE FIRST FALL OF MUSSOLINI AND THE BADOGLIO GOVERNMENT
1.4. OCCUPIED ITALY AND THE COLLABORATIONIST SALÒ REPUBLIC
1.5. THE PARTISAN ORGANIZATIONS AND COMMUNIST HEGEMONY ON THE RESISTANCE
1.6. THE FEMALE RESISTANCE FIGHTERS AND THE CONQUEST OF POLITICAL RIGHTS
1.7. THE HISTORICAL TRUTH ON THE PORZUS MASSACRE
1.8. “ALDO DICE 26X1” AND THE LIBERATION OF THE COUNTRY
2. FROM THE FASCIST REGIME TO THE CHRISTIAN-DEMOCRATIC REGIME
2.1. THE LABOUR-CAPITAL CONFLICT IN THE POST-WAR YEARS
2.2. THE US POST-WAR IMPERIALISM
2.3. THE US STRATEGY IN THE 1948 ELECTIONS
2.4. “STAY BEHIND”, THE OPERATION GLADIO AND THE STRATEGY OF TENSION
2.5. THE ANTI-FASCIST REVOLT OF 1960
2.6. 70s: WORKERS’ CONQUESTS AND BOURGEOIS REACTION
2.7. FROM MASS MURDERS TO “RED” TERRORISM
2.8. THE NATO READY FOR A COUP IN 1976
2.9. THE AMERICAN ROLE IN THE MORO EVENTS
2.10. THE ATTACK AGAINST FREE SPEECH AND COMMUNISM
2.11. 80s: THE CAPITALIST COUNTEROFFENSIVE
2.12. FIAT: OVER A CENTURY OF THEFT AND CAPITALIST EXPLOITATION
2.13. THE DISCOVERY OF THE MASONIC LODGE P2 AND ITS PROGRAMME
2.14. THE BILDERBERG CLUB AND THE EXPLOSION OF PUBLIC DEBT
3. THE ITALIAN COMMUNIST PARTY (PCI): FROM THE FAILED REVOLUTION TO THE DISSOLUTION
3.1. SELF-CRITICISM AFTER THE COMINFORM’S DISAPPROVAL
3.2. THE ATTEMPTED ASSASSINATION OF TOGLIATTI: 14TH JULY 1948
3.3. STALIN’S ATTITUDE TOWARDS THE PCI FROM THE 1947 ON
3.4. THE “ITALIAN WAY TO SOCIALISM”
3.5. THE TOGLIATTI’S COMPROMISE
3.6. THE FUNDAMENTAL TURNING POINT OF 1956
3.7. A POLITICAL EVALUATION OF TOGLIATTI’S SECRETARYSHIP
3.8. THE PCI DURING LONGO’S SECRETARYSHIP
3.9. THE BERLINGUER YEARS
3.10. THE RED BRIGADES CULTURE
3.11. THE ANTHROPOLOGICAL TURN ON THE DIVORCE REFERENDUM
3.12. THE USSR INTERNATIONALIST SUPPORT
3.13. THE PCI AND CGIL YIELDING TO THE NEOLIBERAL ECONOMY
3.14. A POLITICAL EVALUATION OF BERLINGUER’S SECRETARYSHIP
3.15. NATTA, THE LAST REAL SECRETARY
3.16. OCCHETTO’S MISERY AND THE ABANDONMENT OF MARXISM
4. FROM THE FIRST REPUBLIC TO THE SECOND REPUBLIC
4.1. FROM EURO-COMMUNISM TO THE SUBORDINATION OF THE EU FINANCE
4.2. THE RETURN TO THE MAJORITARIAN ELECTORAL SYSTEM
4.3. THE CRIMES DURING THE G8 OF 2001 HELD IN GENOA
4.4. THE FINANCIAL COUP OF 2011
4.5. THE FAILED PROJECT OF THE “COMMUNIST REFOUNDATION PARTY”
4.6. THE MODERN PHASE AND THE TASKS OF THE COMMUNISTS

22. INTELLECTUALS AND ARTISTS AT THE SERVICE OF THE SOCIAL PROGRESS
1. MAJAKOVSKIJ: THE RED OCTOBER POET
1.1. THE REVOLUTIONARY LYRICS
2. ĖJZENSTEJN, A REVOLUTIONARY DIRECTOR
2.1. THE GOAL OF ART IS THE “CONFLICT”
3. EL LISICKIJ, THE ARTISTIC VANGUARD FOR SOCIALISM
4. LUNACARSKIJ, THE PHILOSOPHER THAT MADE LITERATE THE SOVIET CITIZENS
4.1. FREEDOM, ART AND COMMUNISM
5. EUGÉNIE COTTON: A COMMUNIST SCIENTIST AND THE WOMEN’S INTERNATIONAL DEMOCRATIC FEDERATION (WIDF)
6. BERTOLT BRECHT, THE PERFECT “ORGANIC” INTELLECTUAL
6.1. THE INDISSOLUBLE LINK BETWEEN ANTIFASCISM AND ANTICAPITALISM
6.2. THE ORTHODOXY OF THE POLITICAL VERSES
6.3. THE LIFE OF GALILEO, A HOMAGE TO SCIENCE
6.4. ON STALIN’S SIDE
7. THEODORE DREISER’S ANTICAPITALIST NOVELS
8. UPTON SINCLAIR’S LABOUR DENUNCIATIONS
9. ERNEST HEMINGWAY: A MILITANT LIFE
9.1. THE BELOVED CUBA
10. FEDERICO GARCIA LORCA, A SPANISH ANTIFASCIST POET
11. THE PHILOSOPHER GEORGES POLITZER: A COMMUNIST PARTISAN
12. GEORGE BERNARD SHAW’S ANTI-BOURGEOIS THEATER
13. HENRI BARBUSSE, A LITERARY GENIUS ERASED FROM HISTORY
14. WALTER BENJAMIN’S HERETICAL COMMUNISM
15. EINSTEIN’S SOCIALIST CHOICE
16. LUDWIG WITTGENSTEI: A USSR SYMPATHIZER PHILOSOPHER
17. JOHN DESMOND BERNAL: FROM THE X-RAYS TO THE STALIN PEACE PRIZE
18. JEAN FREDERIC JOLIOT-CURIE: A PARTISAN PHYSICIST
19. PABLO PICASSO: A COMMUNIST ARTIST
20. NÂZIM HIKMET, A POET OF LOVE AND COMMUNISM
20.1. “I AM COMMUNIST”
21. THE REVOLUTIONARY LIFE OF CHARLIE CHAPLIN
22. THE INSPIRATION FOR JUSTICE OF THE WRITER HOWARD FAST
23. THE COMMUNIST PLAYWRIGHT DONALD TRUMBO
24. PABLO NERUDA, THE MILITANT POET OF THE OPPRESSED
24.1. POEMS OF STRUGGLE AND SOCIALISM
24.2. THE “FOUR-LEAF CLOVER” FOR YOUNG COMMUNISTS
25. ANNA SEGHERS, THE WRITER SYMBOL OF THE DDR
26. JORGE AMADO, A COMMUNIST WRITER FROM BRASIL
27. LOUIS ARAGON, SURREALISM AT THE SERVICE OF THE FRENCH COMMUNIST PARTY (PCF)
28. PAUL ROBESON: AN ANTI-RACIST AND PRO-SOVIET STRUGGLE
29. OSCAR NIEMEYER AND THE SOCIALIST ARCHITECTURE
30. THE REVOLUTIONARY LIFE OF THE PHILOSOPHER JEAN-PAUL SARTRE
30.1. THE REFUSAL OF THE NOBEL PRIZE
30.2. IT IS FUNDAMENTAL TO “GET OUR HANDS DIRTY” WHEN IT IS NEEDED
31. MAURICE DOBB, A MARXIST ECONOMIST
32. THE COMMUNIST CHOICE OF JOSÈ SARAMAGO
33. GABRIEL GARCIA MARQUEZ: THE MAGIC SOCIALIST REALISM
33.1. THE FRIENDSHIP WITH CASTRO
34. THE INTELLECTUAL MILITANCE OF GYÖRGY LUKÁCS: A GIANT OF MARXISM
34.1. HIS RELATIONSHIP WITH REAL SOCIALISM
34.2. THE ANNIHILATION OF REASON
35. ANGELA DAVIS, A COMMUNIST BECAUSE BLACK AND OPPRESSED
36. THE PHILOSOPHER ALEKSANDR ZINOV’EV, A FORMER SOVIET DISSIDENT

23. CULTURAL HEGEMONY: THE IMPERIALIST TECHNIQUES
1. THE CLASSIC METHODS IDENTIFIED BY THE BOLSHEVIKS
2. RACISM AND NATIONALISM
2.1. THE BIRTH OF COLONIAL RACISM
2.2. THE HISTORICAL LINK BETWEEN LIBERALISM AND RACISM
2.3. THIRD WORLD DEATHS ARE WORTHED LESS THAN THE WESTERN ONES
3. THE TOTALITARIAN CONTROL ON THE MEDIA
3.1. THE EDITORIAL OLIGOPOLY IN ITALY
3.2. THE TELEVISION OLIGOPOLY IN ITALY
3.3. THE INTERNET MONOPOLIES
3.4. THE CASE OF AFRICA
3.5. THE POWER OF MEDIA AND THE AGENDA-SETTING THEORY
3.6. THE STRATEGIES OF THE AUDIENCE MANIPULATION
3.7. NAZI-IMPERIALIST PROPAGANDA?
4. THE MASS-MEDIA IN SUPPORT OF THE WARMONGERING IMPERIALISM
4.1. THE FORGERY OF FAKE NEWS IN THE RECENT HISTORY
4.2. 1989: ROMANIA, CZECHOSLOVAKIA AND CHINA
4.3. 1991: THE FIRST GULF WAR
4.4. 1999: THE DESTRUCTION OF YUGOSLAVIA
4.5. 2003: THE SECOND GULF WAR
4.6. 2011: THE DEVASTATION OF LIBYA
4.7. 2013: NAZIS IN POWER IN UKRAINE
4.8. THE CASE OF THE SYRIAN OBSERVATORY OF HUMAN RIGHTS
4.9. THE JOURNALISTS AT THE SERVICE OF IMPERIALISM
4.10. THE FREEDOM OF PRESS IN THE USA: THE CASE OF SEYMOUR HERSH
5. THE PRAISE OF IGNORANCE AND THE DESTRUCTION OF CULTURE
5.1. HOW TO DESTROY THE PUBLIC EDUCATION
5.2. THE CLASS REASONS TO DESTROY PUBLIC EDUCATION
5.3. THE AMERICAN SCHOOL SYSTEM
5.4. BOURGEOIS SCHOOL AND SOCIALIST SCHOOL
5.5. A NECESSARY EDUCATION REFORM TO CREATE CRITICAL MINDSETS
5.6. BOURGEOIS SCHOOL’S BOOKS
6. THE PHILOSOPHICAL BATTLE
7. THE CONTROL OF THE LANGUAGE
7.1. THE ANALYSIS OF LANGUAGE IN THE MARXIST TRADITION
7.2. IMPERIALISM’S “NEO-LANGUAGE”
7.3. THE CAPITALIST FINANCIARY JARGON
7.4. HOW THE ITALIAN BOURGEOIS POLITICIAN SPEAKS
7.5. RE-CONQUER A MORE PROPER LANGUAGE
7.6. “SPEAKING CLEAR, SPEAKING EASY”
8. THE INSTRUMENTAL USE OF FREEDOM, DEMOCRACY AND HUMAN RIGHTS
8.1. “DEMOCRACY, A HISTORY OF AN IDEOLOGY”
8.2. THE PROGRESSION TOWARDS DEMOCRACY AND RIGHTS IN THE 20TH CENTURY
8.3. HUMANITARIAN WARS?
8.4. THE “COLORED REVOLUTIONS” IN THE NAME OF FREEDOM
8.5. COMMUNISTS AND THE “HUMAN RIGHTS” ISSUE
8.6. FREEDOM FOR WHO?
8.7. THE CULTURAL SPLIT BETWEEN FREEDOM AND SOCIAL JUSTICE
8.8. FREEDOM INTENDED AS SEXUAL LIBERATION
8.9. LENIN’S POSITION REGARDING FREE LOVE
8.10. ALCOHOL AND DRUGS, A DEVIATED FREEDOM
9. RELIGION AND TERRORISM
9.1. NON-VIOLENCE
9.2. THE IRRATIONALISM AND FAITH
9.3. COMMON SENSE AND STATUS QUO
9.4. CORPORATIVISM AND INTERCLASSISM
9.5. THE INDIVIDUALISTIC EXISTENZIALISM
9.6. TERRORISM AND RELIGIOUS FUNDAMENTALISM
10. THE CONSUMERISTIC ALIENATION
10.1. ADS: A CAPITALIST EDUCATION
10.2. THE SOCIAL IRRATIONALITY OF THE ADS
10.3. THE PLANNED OBSOLESCENCE
10.4. TO HAVE OR TO BE? ERICH FROMM ANSWERS
10.5. THE PSYCHIC AND EMOTIONAL STRESS
10.6. WORKING TO LIVE OR TO BUY?
10.7. AUSTERITY AND THE INDUCED NEEDS
10.8. THE SOVIET STYLE OF ADVERTISEMENTS
11. ART AND MASS CULTURE AT THE SERVICE OF CAPITALISM
11.1. EDITORIAL DIFFUSION OF THE IMPERIALIST NARRATIVE
11.2. THE ABSTRACT ART FINANCED BY THE CIA
11.3. HOLLYWOOD’S SUBJUGATION TO THE US GOVERNMENT
11.4. THE ANTICOMUNIST PROPAGANDA IN THE FILMMAKING INDUSTRY
11.5. THE SPACE FOR AN ANTICAPITALIST CINEMA
11.6. THE PARADIGM OF INDUSTRIAL CULTURE
11.7. ROCK’N’ROLL AS AN AFFIRMATION OF CAPITALISM?
11.8. THE POLITICAL ROLE OF SUBCULTURES
11.9. ADORNO, EISLER AND THE MILITANT MUSIC
11.10. THE MUSIC INDUSTRY AND COMMUNIST APPROACH
11.11. VIDEOGAMES: A NEW TOOL FOR THE ANTICOMUNIST PROPAGANDA
12. THE LAST DEFENSE OF THE PROLETARIAN INFORMATION IN ITALY

24. REAL SOCIALISM AND ITS ISSUES: A HISTORICAL PERSPECTIVE
1. THE HISTORICAL ACHIEVEMENTS OF REAL SOCIALISM
2. THE GLOBAL WAR ON THE WORLD HUNGER
3. THE HISTORICAL EVOLUTION OF THE INEQUALITY (AGAINST PIKETTY)
4. THE POSSIBLE SOLUTION OF A CHINESE GLOBALIZATION
5. THE OBJECTIVE CONDITIONS FOR A REVOLUTIONARY PROCESS
6. THE DESTRUCTION OF THE PLANET AND THE MASS MIGRATIONS
7. THE UNSOLVED ISSUES OF REAL SOCIALISM AND MARXISM-LENINISM
7.1. THE NEED FOR AN UPDATE OF THE IMPERIALIST PARADIGM
7.2. THE DIFFICULTIES OF VANGUARD PARTIES
7.3. DEMOCRACY, DICTATORSHIP OF THE PROLETARIAT AND BUREAUCRATIZATION

BIBLIOGRAPHY AND SOURCES
A. BIBLIOGRAPHICAL SOURCES AND SIGNED ARTICLES
B. NON-SIGNED ARTICLES AND SITES WITH ANONYMOUS AUTHORS
C. WIKIPEDIA-WIKIQUOTE-WIKISOURCE
D. VIDEOS AND YOUTUBE

 

NOTES

1It is true that there are websites that periodically save and allow you to retrieve the contents published on the main websites, but here we talk about the availableness to average users, not for specialists.
2http://intellettualecollettivo.it/nasce-la-collana-storia-del-socialismo-e-della-lotta-di-classe/.
3My thanks for this work are for the translation made by Fabio Fonseca Kevorkian and a universitarian student who prefers to remain anonymous, and for the revisal of Altai Garin.

 

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